Unit 1 Vocabulary

Salve!¡Saludos! (a una persona)Hello! (to one person)
Salvete!¡Saludos! (a muchas personas)Hello! (to more than one person)
Quid tibi nomen est?¿Cuál es tu nombre?What is your name?
Mihi nomen est . . .Mi nombre es . . .My name is…
Gratias.Gracias.Thank you.
Nihil est.De nadaIt’s nothing (You’re welcome)
Quid agis?¿Cómo estás?How are you?
Ago bene.Estoy bien.I’m well.
Ago male.Estoy mal.I’m bad.
Ago optime.Estoy muy bien (optimo).I feel great.
Ago pessime.Estoy muy mal (pésimo).I feel horrible.
Vale!Adios! (a una persona)Goodbye! (to one person)
Valete!Adios! (a muchas personas)Goodbye! (to more than one person)

Cultural Connection

As you can see from the vocabulary in this section, there are words in Spanish that are very similar to the words in Latin.

Why is this so? In 146 BCE, the Greek Peninsula first came under Roman control, and around 200 BCE, the Romans colonized the Iberian Peninsula, also called Hispania (the name given by the Romans to modern-day Spain and Portugal). As the Romans conquered these territories, they also brought their language, Latin, to the inhabitants of the region. Over time, Latin evolved to incorporate Greek influences and later developed into the Spanish we speak today. Throughout this text, we have included Greek and Spanish alongside the Latin and English vocabulary so you can make your own comparisons. You will find even more connections to Greek, Spanish, and other languages in Culture Connections.

En 146 BCE, la península griega cayó bajo el control romano por la primera vez. Alrededor de 200 BCE, los romanos tomaron control de la península ibérica, o Hispania, y trajeron con ellos su idioma—el latín. Con tiempo, el latín empezó a incorporar la influencia griega y, eventualmente, se convirtió en el español que se habla hoy en día.